Prague is the capital of Czech Republic and one of the most popular and oldest cities in Europe. Prague has always been a major center of attraction for all the tourists visiting the Czech Republic. The exact time of the birth of the city is unknown, but numerous settlements at the confluence of the Vltava and Berounka by the VI century were a well-known shopping center. In the X century Prague became the first capital of the independent Czech kingdom. In the course of its long historical development of the city formed historic neighborhoods: Josefov - Jewish ghetto, the Old City - the oldest district of Prague, Lesser - an area where once lived the first German settlers, the New Town - the founder of it was the Emperor Charles in the XIV century, and Finally, Hradcany - the old district of Prague, founded in the XIV - XV century. In 1993, the historic center was included in the World Heritage Site. In Prague, a huge number of attractions that it is impossible to describe them all, and that their visit is not enough for the year.
Wenceslas Square is located in the heart of Prague and is popular not only among tourists: it is one of the favorite places of the cizizens of the city. Most sight-seeings in the area can be considered relatively "young" speaking aboit their age. It all began with a small settlement, which was called Stare Mesto and was located in 1348. At this point, as there were several large markets. The longest existed one - Horse Market, which in 1848 was renamed as a Wenceslas Square.
It was only at the beginning of the XX century, when the area is surrounded by various shops and shops, this place was considered an elite residential district. That kind Square, which was formed in 1920, can be seen now.
Preserved almost all the buildings of the time, and if not set of lights modern shops could be a confidence to say that the area has kept the traditional features of the old Prague. Flourished in the 20-ies of XX century: it was then that, after the merger Prague suburbs, there was erected a few banks, paved average series for trams and created a large car park.
Vinohrady is one of the oldest parts of Prague, which is now considered an elite area to stay. By name, we can see that at one time there were vineyards. Now they are only partially preserved in the park Grebovka (Hrebovka). Vinohrady started to be built in the second half of the XIX century. Currently, Vinohrady is a district with Art Nouveau architecture. There is no historical buildings and monuments, but the area is already pretty and wonderful, and definitely worth a visit.
Vysehrad is a castle and historic district of Prague, situated on a hill above the river Vltava, and separated from the ramparts of the New Town. He is regarded as the first center of the Czech state. Vysehrad was founded in the X century, and according to legend, it was here that Princess Libuse Prague predicted the rise and worldwide fame. During the reign of Charles IV coronation procession began here Czech kings. In 1962 Vysehrad was given the status of a national cultural monument. Today this place is ideal for walks, picnics and romantic meeting among both residents and tourists.
Charles Bridge - the main attraction of Prague. Every tourist seeks to visit. Its history begins in 1380. The bridge was built and named in honor of Queen Jutta of Thuringia, the wife of King Vladislav I, but in 1342 the bridge was almost destroyed and built again. Then he got his current name.
The National Museum
The National Museum is located on Wenceslas Square. It is the largest museum in Prague. The main building of the Museum, built in the neo-Renaissance style, is a project of the famous Czech architect Jeff Schultz, and dates from the period of national revival in Prague at the end of the 19th century (1885-1890 years). National Museum includes the History Museum, Natural History Museum, the Czech Museum of Music. Part of the exhibition is located in a building on Wenceslas Square, some are located in other areas of the museum.
Prague Castle - the largest castle, located atop a hill on the left bank of the Vltava River. Once the former residence of the Czech kings, now the residence of the Czech president, originated in the IX century. An impressive, Prague Castle is not only the biggest in area (70 000 m²), the presidential residence, but also, perhaps, the largest castle in the world, which enabled him to get into the Guinness Book of Records. In 1992, he was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site
With the X century in the old town settled artisans and trade people. In 1338 John of Luxembourg received town privileges. In the XV century Czech kings was moved to the Old City his residence. The Old Town is the most important architectural, cultural and historical monuments of Prague.
Today the Old Town - the heart of Prague. Romantic narrow streets, magnificent palaces and temples, homes, museums, monuments and sculptures of different styles and eras. Everywhere seen excellent work of the great masters.
Dancing House - a unique architectural monument dedicated to a pair of dancers, which has already become one of the most famous sights of Prague despite the fact that not infrequently causes heated debates and arguments of critics, architects, and ordinary citizens. This emblematic building, depicting a man and a woman dancing. The house is also called "Ginger and Fred" in honor of the duo's great Hollywood dancers Ginger Rogers and Fred Astaire.
The Dancing House was built in 1996 with the filing of the then Czech President Vaclav Havel. Since "Dancing House" was built in a completely different style than the neighboring houses, its construction has caused quite contradictory and often negative feedback. Soon, however, this Prague zest recognized "Landmark of Prague."
Today on the roof of "Dancing House" opened a French restaurant «La Perle de Prague» with stunning views of the city, and the six floors of the building are given offices.