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Berlin Wall

Erected in the dead of night on August 13, 1961, the Berlin Wall (known as Berliner Mauer in German) was a physical division between West Berlin and East Germany in order to keep East Germans from feeling to the West. When the Berlin Wall fell on November 9, 1989, its destruction was nearly as instantaneous as its creation. For 28 years, the Berlin Wall had been a symbol of the Cold War and thus when it fell it was celebrated around the world.
The Berlin Wall stretched over a hundred miles. It ran not only through the center of Berlin, but also wrapped around West Berlin, entirely cutting West Berlin off from the rest of East Germany.

The wall itself went through four major transformations during its 28-year history. The Berlin Wall started out as a barbed-wire fence with concrete posts, but just a few days after the first fence was placed, it was quickly replaced with a sturdier, more permanent structure made out of concrete blocks, topped with barbed wire.

The first two versions of the wall (barbed wire and concrete blocks) were replaced by the third version of the Berlin Wall in 1965. This version consisted of a concrete wall, supported by steel girders.

The fourth version of the Berlin Wall, constructed from 1975 to 1980, was the most complicated and thorough. It consisted of concrete slabs reaching nearly 12-feet high (3.6 m) and 4-feet wide (1.2 m), plus it had a smooth pipe running across the top to hinder people from scaling the Wall.

By the time the Berlin Wall fell in 1989, there was a 300-foot No Man's Land, an additional inner wall, soldiers patrolling with dogs, a raked ground that showed footprints, anti-vehicle trenches, electric fences, massive light systems, watchtowers, bunkers, and minefields.

Map

Excursions

City Circle Tour Yellow: Berlin Basics Tour (2-day ticket)
If you would like to discover the most distinctive landmarks of Berlin in a very individual way, then the City Circle Tour YELLOW is the right choice....
Discovery Berlin Half-Day Walking Tour (SIC)
Uncover Berlin's past and present on this enlightening 4-hour walking tour through Mitte, the city’s historic center. Walk along the Berlin Wall, ...
Segway Tour (SIC)
Riding the Segway feels like nothing you´ve ever experienced. The Segway vehicle is devoted to moving you on two wheels - easily, efficiently and inte...
Walking Tour of Berlin - 3 hours (PRIVATE)
The most interesting of Berlin: its past, present and the popular attractions.
Walking Tour of Berlin - 4 hours (PRIVATE)
The most interesting of Berlin: its past, present and the popular attractions.
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