Munich is the capital of Bavaria and the third largest city in Germany, lies on the River Isar on the fringes of the Bavarian Alps. The focal point of Munich's historic inner city is the large open square, the Marienplatz, where you'll find the Old and New Town Halls. One of Germany's most popular cities to visit, Munich is also famous for its many fine churches, including Peterskirche, the oldest inner city church built during the Romanesque period; the Cathedral of our Lady (Frauenkirche), the city's most famous building; and Michaelskirche, the largest Renaissance church north of the Alps. Munich is also noted for its numerous parks, in particular the lovely English Garden (Englischer Garten), the world's largest urban public park. Given the numerous tourist attractions, museums, and galleries, expect to spend at least a few days exploring Munich's many treasures.
Lake Constance, lying below the northern edge of the Alps, is by far the largest lake in Germany. Also bordered by Austria and Switzerland, it offers strikingly beautiful scenery with its majestic expanse of water encompassing some 270 kilometers of shoreline, by far the greatest share of it in Germany. The largest and deepest part of the lake, the Obersee, extends from Bregenz Bay to Konstanz and is fringed by numerous old lakeside towns and attractive villages with incredible views of the Swiss Alps. Long a center for water sports - it's particularly popular among sailing enthusiasts - the area is rich in culture and history and boasts many old castles, quaint medieval villages, and beautiful gardens, and draws hikers and nature lovers from far and wide.
Neuschwanstein Castle is one of the most popular of all the palaces and castles in Europe. Every year 1.4 million people visit "the castle of the fairy-tale king". In the summer around 6,000 visitors a day stream through rooms that were intended for a single inhabitant.
The setting of Neuschwanstein could not be more idyllic. However, movement in the foundation area has to be continuously monitored, and the sheer rock walls must be repeatedly secured. The harsh climate also has a detrimental effect on the limestone façades, which will have to be renovated section by section over the next few years.
One of the most popular places in Munich is the Olympic Park built for the Summer Olympic Games in 1972 by the project of architectural bureau Günter Behnisch. There are water stadiums, a velodrome, a skating rink and of course the famous tower height of 290 meters. The observation deck both - indoor and outdoor, where the tourists climb speed elevator are located at an altitude of 190 meters. In good weather the visibility is over 40 km and you can see even the Alps.
Marienplatz is the heart of Munich, its central and the most lovely part, decorated with a column of the Virgin Mary and the building of New and Old Town Hall. All the buildings in the square are built in different eras, so it's very interesting for observation. You can sit by the fountain, go to interesting shops and fun cafes, and of course, enjoy the taste of Bavarian beer with delicious sausages or listen chimes of the famous New Town Hall Clocks.
Old Town Hall is the gothic building once used as the city gate. Now there is the Toy Museum, and nearby there is a sculpture of Juliet - a gift of Verona. Facade of the Town Hall is decorated with the Clocks with moving figures of knights, because once there were jousting tournaments, and the area then called Schrannenplatz.
Walking around the Marienplaz go to have a dinner in one of nice restaurant of Bavarian cuisine, located in the courtyard of the New Town Hall.
In the middle of the square there is the Column of Mary, erected in 1638. The columns mounted on the pedestal are shown in the form of figurines of children - hostage four major tribulations of those times, such as war, heresy, famine and plague. Near this column there are often a lot of concerts and meetings, but on its next steps fans celebrate winning the team in matches "Bavaria". Here in the square the Christmas market is placed every year as well.
The Staatliches Hofbräuhaus in München (public Royal Brewery in Munich, also Hofbräu München) is a brewery in Munich, Germany, owned by the Bavarian state government. The Hof (court) comes from the brewery's history as a royal brewery in the Kingdom of Bavaria. The brewery owns the Hofbräuhaus am Platzl, the Hofbräukeller and one of the largest tents at the Oktoberfest (Hofbräu-Festzelt). There are many types of beer brewed using original recipes handed down by Wilhelm V, the Duke of Bavaria. The current beers produced include a Weißbier and Helles, Maibock, Dunkel and Oktoberfest lagers.
Oktoberfest is the biggest beer festival in the world which celebrated the 200th anniversary in 2010. Annually about 6 million beer fans from all over the world come to enjoy a special festival beer from the best breweries in the city, which is produced only in this time of year. This beer is brewed in accordance with the Munich beer purity law of 1487 and thr alcohol content is not more than 6.3%.
The first Oktoberfest was held in honor of the marriage of Crown Prince Ludwig to Princess Therese, in whose honor and named the meadow, where the event is taking place. Over the 200 years celebration was cancelled few times and only for very good reasons: because of the cholera epidemic, the Prussian-Austrian and Franco-Prussian War, the First and Second world wars and hyperinflation in Germany in 1923-1924.