Nuremberg is the second largest city in Bavaria which isconsidered as the unofficial capital of the Roman Empire and the residence of the German kings. During the Second World War the city was almost completely destroyed. Nuremberg is notorious as the place of the military tribunal, known as the Nuremberg Trials. Currently, the historical appearance of the Old Town almost restored, and Nuremberg surprised beautiful architecture and unique atmosphere, there is always a lot of tourists at any time of the year. City under the name «Noerenberg» ( «Rocky Mountain") was first mentioned July 16, 1050, but the results of archaeological excavations say that the settlement appeared much earlier than 1000. In the Old Town there are the medieval Nuremberg Castle - the city wall, quarter Burgviertel with buildings survived the bombings of World War II, the Church of St. Sebald and St. Lorenz Church. Interesting Germany's largest art museum, named after Johann Regiomaontana observatory and zoo Nyurnbegsky.
Nuremberg Castle is a historical building on a sandstone rock in the north of the historical city of Nuremberg in Bavaria, It is consist of three sections: the Imperial castle (Kaiserburg), some buildings of the Burgraves of Nuremberg (Burggrafenburg), and the municipal buildings of the Imperial City at the eastern site (Reichsstädtische Bauten). The castle, together with the city walls, is considered to be one of Europe's most formidable medieval fortifications.