Probably one of the most fascinating features of the Pantheon is the Architecture. The structure of the Pantheon is comprised of a series of intersecting arches. The arches rest on eight piers which support eight round-headed arches which run through the drum from its inner to its outer face. The arches correspond to the eight bays on the floor level that house statues.
The dome itself is supported by a series of arches that run horizontally round. Romans had perfected the use of arches which helped sustain the weight of their magnanimous buildings.
The Romans were aware of the heavy nature of their building materials. So they used lighter materials toward the top of the dome. \ On the lowest level travertine, the heaviest material was used, then a mixture of travertine and tufa, then tufa and brick, then all brick was used around the drum section of the dome, and finally pumice, the lightest and most porous of materials on the ceiling of the dome.
Ancient Rome Colosseum ticket (SIC)
Experience the immensity of ancient Rome’s most iconic symbol on this Express Colosseum tour with privileged direct access to the Arena Floor through ...
Classical Rome (SIC)
With the new tour itinerary clients will reach St Peter's Basilica by bus, for an internal visit with guide of the church. At the end of the visit,...